2022 started with some hope that the year will be better than 2021, but alas the realities of the socio-economic fallout of the pandemic and subsequent lockdowns started to kick in.
Malay-Muslim’s identity and Malaysia’s political arena are inseparable. Due to the existence of ethnoreligious based parties such as United Malay National Organisation (UMNO), Parti Islam Se-Malaysia (PAS), and other ethnic minority parties such as Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA) and Malaysian Indian Council (MIC), ethnoreligious issues have always been used for political mileage.
As this advisory goes ‘to print’ so to speak, 2021 is ending on a rather sombre note. Many Malaysians are still trying to recover from the worst flooding experienced since the 1971 Kuala Lumpur floods which paralysed the city.
Part One of this article is to look at the origin of militancy that gave birth to religious extremism and how they have become formidable by the design of the global geopolitical cookbook.
In a previous brief, I wrote and discussed about how Malay-Muslim women were increasingly being socialised into a hardline brand of Islam.
This paper’s title mentioned that this study is a prelude to a bigger study and project that IMAN Research is planning to pursue. For this brief, I will explain how women are persuaded to join religious classes, and how their consumption behaviour.